Readers can explore several frequency and association claims in this New York Times story headlined, "If Americans Can Find North Korea on a Map, They're More Likely to Prefer Diplomacy."
The story reports that when shown a map of East Asia (like the one shown here), only 36% of Americans could correctly locate the country of North Korea. The country has been in the news a lot lately because it has launched ballistic missiles. What should the American response be to such aggression?
An experiment led by Kyle Dropp of Morning Consult from April 27-29, conducted at the request of The New York Times, shows that respondents who could correctly identify North Korea tended to view diplomatic and nonmilitary strategies more favorably than those who could not. These strategies included imposing further economic sanctions, increasing pressure on China to influence North Korea and conducting cyberattacks against military targets in North Korea.
They also viewed direct military engagement – in particular, sending ground troops – much less favorably than those who failed to locate North Korea.
a) The finding that only 36% of Americans can locate North Korea on a map is what kind of claim? How would you state the variable(s) involved in this claim?
b) The report says "respondents who could correctly identify North Korea tended to view diplomatic and nonmilitary strategies more favorably than those who could not." What kind of claim is this? What are the variable(s) involved in this claim?
c) In the quoted text above, the journalist called this "An experiment." It's not--how come?
The lead image in the story (linked here), depicts people's guesses about where North Korea is located. Could you locate it?
d) Go to the story now and scroll down about half way to see how they have presented correlations between "Knowing where North Korea is" and their endorsement of various responses to North Korean aggression. What does a negative number mean in this table?
e) Make a prediction: Whom do you think is more likely to know where North Korea is: Men or women? Democrats or Republicans? People who've visited another country or those who've never been abroad? Older or younger Americans?
Now, scroll down the story to the pink bar graphs and see if your predictions were supported.